Do resident aliens, dual status individuals, and nonresident aliens need to file a tax return?
Residents, which are persons who either have a green card, passed the substantial presence test or are married to a U.S. citizen, are required to file tax returns. A resident can file a regular 1040 form just like a U.S. citizen. This can be done through any of the well-known tax software’s like TurboTax, H&R Block, or TaxSlayer.
Dual Status Aliens
Dual status aliens, which are persons who became residents during the year, are required to file form 1040 just like a U.S. citizen. This can be done through any of the well-known tax software’s like TurboTax, H&R Block, or TaxSlayer.
Nonresidents, who are persons temporarily in the U.S. like a student must file a tax return to report their U.S. source income. Nonresidents who did not make any income must file form 8843 for information purposes. If a nonresident did make income, then they must file both forms 1040-NR & 8843.
What happens if I don’t file a tax return?
The IRS will not penalize a foreign student for not filing if they do not owe any taxes. However, they still must file form 8843. If you are planning to apply for residency in the future, there is a possibility that you may be asked to provide proof of your previous tax returns. Therefore, you should try to file the necessary forms.